Professor Abigail Green

Featured Publication

Religious Internationals in the Modern World: Globalization and Faith Communities since 1750 (Palgrave Macmillan, September 2012).

Religious Internationals in the Modern World  Globalization and Faith Communities since 1750

Tracing the emergence of 'Religious Internationals' as a distinctive new phenomenon in world history, this book transforms our understanding of the role of religion in our modern world. Through in-depth studies comparing the experiences of Buddhists, Christians, Hindus, Jews and Muslims, leading experts shed new light on 'global civil society'.








Moses Montefiore: Jewish Liberator, Imperial Hero (Harvard University Press, February 2010).

Moses Montefiore

Humanitarian, philanthropist, and campaigner for Jewish emancipation on a grand scale, Sir Moses Montefiore (1784–1885) was the preeminent Jewish figure of the nineteenth century—and one of the first truly global celebrities. His story, told here in full for the first time, is a remarkable and illuminating tale of diplomacy and adventure. Abigail Green’s sweeping biography follows Montefiore through the realms of court and ghetto, tsar and sultan, synagogue and stock exchange.

Interweaving the public triumph of Montefiore’s foreign missions with the private tragedy of his childless marriage, this book brings the diversity of nineteenth-century Jewry brilliantly to life—from London to Jerusalem, Rome to St. Petersburg, Morocco to Istanbul. Here we see the origins of Zionism and the rise of international Jewish consciousness, the faltering birth of international human rights, and the making of the modern Middle East. With the globalization and mobilization of religious identities now at the top of the political agenda, Montefiore’s life story is relevant as never before.

Mining materials from eleven countries in nine languages, Green’s masterly biography bridges the East-West divide in modern Jewish history, presenting the transformation of Jewish life in Europe, the Middle East, and the New World as part of a single global phenomenon. As it reestablishes Montefiore’s status as a major historical player, it also restores a significant chapter to the history of our modern world.

Fatherlands: State-Building and Nationhood in Nineteenth-Century Germany


Fatherlands is an original study of the nature of identity in nineteenth-century Germany, which has crucial implications for the understanding of nationalism, German unification and the German nation state in the modern era. The book approaches these questions from a new and important angle, that of the non-national territorial state. It explores the nature and impact of state-building in non-Prussian Germany. The issues covered range from railway construction and German industrialisation, to the modernisation of German monarchy, the emergence of a free press, the development of a modern educational system, and the role of monuments, museums and public festivities. Fatherlands draws principally on extensive primary research focusing on the three kingdoms of Hanover, Saxony and Württemberg. It is an attempt to 'join up the dots' of German history - moving beyond isolated local, regional and state-based studies to a general understanding of the state formation process in Germany.

  • European political culture
  • International Jewish history
  • Nationalism
  • Humanitarianism

I am currently working towards an international history of Jewish liberal activism from the revolutions of 1848, when Jews entered the political mainstream, to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. Previous research has focused on the interaction between regionalism and nationalism in 19th century Germany; on the intersection between international Jewish history, humanitarianism and imperialism; and on religious internationalism as a comparative phenomenon. My new research has prompted a number of collaborative initiatives. Working in partnership with colleagues at the National Trust, the AEPJ, Strawberry Hill House and Waddesdon Manor, I am also leading a major AHRC-funded project on Jewish country houses which has both academic and more heritage-oriented dimensions. With Simon Levis Sullam I am editing a volume entitled Jews, Liberalism, Antisemitism: A Global History, drawing on the 2016-2017 Oxford Seminar in Advanced Jewish Studies. I am also engaged in rethinking Jewish internationalism from a gender perspective together with Jaclyn Granick. I welcome proposals from graduates that intersect with any of these broad research interests.

  • Liberals, Socialists, Internationalists, Jews

  • 1848 and beyond: Jews in the national and international politics of secularism and revolution

  • Enfants de 1848: les Juifs libéraux et la tradition révolutionnaire en Grande-Bretagne en Europe continentale et aux Etats-Unis

  • Jews, Liberalism, Antisemitism: A Global History

  • The Jewish Country House

  • Beyond the pale: the country houses of the Jewish élite

  • Sir Moses Montefiore: the career of a legendary philanthropist’

  • Religious internationalisms

  • From protection to humanitarian intervention? Enforcing Jewish rights in Romania and Morocco around 1880

  • The West and the rest: Jewish philanthropy and globalization to c.1880

  • More

I would be willing to hear from potential DPhil students regarding: European history in the long 19th century, modern Jewish history.

I currently teach:




GH 11

Approaches Sociology

GH 12


Nationalism in Western Europe

Meinecke & Kehr

Disciplines of History



1919: Remaking the World

In the Media

10 October 2014

‘The Walhalla Hall of Heroes’, part of Germany. Memories of a nation’ BBC Radio 4:

15 March 2012                 

‘In Our Time: Moses Mendelssohn’ BBC Radio 4, Panel Member: