Speakers

Biographies

Tonio Andrade grew up in Salt Lake City, Utah, and has degrees from Reed College (anthropology) and Yale University (history). He is currently Professor of History at Emory University, where he writes on global history and the history of China. His first book, How Taiwan Became Chinese (Columbia University Press, 2008), focuses on the early history of Taiwan. His second book, Lost Colony: The Untold Story of Europe’s First War with China (Princeton University Press, 2011), explores the European military revolution with data from East Asia. His articles have appeared in The Journal of World History, Late Imperial China, International Journal of Maritime History, The Canadian Journal of Sociology, Itinerario, The Journal of Asian Studies, and various other publications.

He is currently conducting research into the fascinating military history of Yuan, Ming, and Qing China, during which time guns and gunpowder weapons revolutionized warfare, and he seeks to understand how those weapons spread from China throughout the world, sparking dramatic changes in warfare and society wherever they took root, perhaps most significantly in Europe, whose constantly warring states adopted and adapted them with alacrity. This global military revolution has important implications for how we understand world history and the famous and much-debated question of the rise of the west. He lives in Decatur, Georgia, with his wife, Andrea, and his three daughters, Amalia, Sylvia, and Josephine.

Martin Ceadel

 

 

 

 

Hervé Drévillon is Professor of Modern History at the University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne. As a specialist in War Studies, he has founded the Institut d’études de la guerre et de la paix (Institute for War and Peace Studies) that he currently runs. He is also the director of the History Departement of the Institut de Recherche Stratégique de l’Ecole Militaire (French Ministry of Defense). He has published several books on the culture and practice of war in modern and early-modern France : L’Impôt du sang. Le métier armes sous Louis XIV, Paris, 2005; Batailles. Scènes de guerre de la Table ronde aux Tranchées, Paris, 2008; Les rois absolus (1629 – 1715), Paris, 2011; L’individu et la guerre, de Bayard au Soldat inconnu, Paris, 2013.

Stig Förster is Professor of Modern General History at the University of Bern.  His main publications include Der doppelte Militarismus. Die deutsche Heeresrüstungspolitik zwischen Status-quo-Sicherung und Aggression, 1890-1913, Stuttgart, Die mächtigen Diener der East India Company. Ursachen und Hintergründe der britischen Expansionspolitik in Südasien, 1793-1819, Stuttgart, Johannes Burkhardt, Josef Becker, Stig Förster, Günther Kronenbitter, Lange und kurze Wege in den Ersten Weltkrieg. Vier Augsburger Beiträge zur Kriegsursachenforschung, München 1996 (= Schriften der Philosophischen Fakultäten der Universität Augsburg, Bd. 49).  He is editor of the series on the history of total war with Roger Chickering, Jörg Nagler and others, Cambridge 1997-2010.  He currently serves as Chairman of the ‘Arbeitskreis Militärgeschichte’.

Jos Gommans is professor of Colonial and Global History at Leiden University. He is the author of two monographs on early-modern South Asian history: The Rise of the Indo-Afghan Empire, 1710-1780, (Delhi: Oxford University Press 1999) and Mughal Warfare: Indian Frontiers and High Roads to Empire (London: Routledge 2002). With Piet Emmer, he recently published a third monograph on the early modern Dutch Empire (in Dutch: Rijk aan de rand van de wereld: Geschiedenis van Nederland oversee 1600-1800 (Amsterdam: Bert Bakker 2012). He edited several volumes on South Asia’s interaction with the outside world (with Central Asia, Southeast Asia and Europe) and produced various Dutch source publications (Dutch Sources on South Asia) including one archival inventory and two historical VOC-atlases. From 2000-2010 he served as editor-in-chief of the Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient and he has recently joined the editorial board of Itinerario. As co-director of the NWO-Horizon project on Eurasian Empires (http://hum.leiden.edu/history/eurasia) and the Cosmopolis-programme (http://hum.leiden.edu/history/cosmopolisprojects) his current work takes a global and connective turn by exploring various early-modern manifestations of Eurasian Cosmopolitanism.

Karen Hagemann is the James G. Kenan Distinguished Professor of History at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. She has published widely in Modern German and European history and gender history. Her books include: Frauenalltag und Männerpolitik: Alltagsleben und gesellschaftliches Handeln von Arbeiterfrauen in der Weimarer Republik (1990); ”Mannlicher Mut und Teutsche Ehre.” Nation, Militär und Geschlecht zur Zeit der Antinapoleonischen Kriege Preußens (2002); Masculinities in Politics and War: Gendering Modern History (ed. with Stefan Dudink and John Tosh, 2004); Gendering Modern German History: Rewriting Historiography (ed. with Jean Quataert, 2007/2009, in German 2008); Representing Masculinity: Male Citizenship in Modern Western Culture (ed. with Stefan Dudink and Anna Clark, 2007/2012); Civil Society and Gender Justice: Historical and Comparative Perspectives (ed. with Sonya Michel and Gunilla Budde, 2008/2011); Gender, War, and Politics: Transatlantic Perspectives, 1775-1830 (ed. with Gisela Mettele and Jane Rendall, 2010);  War Memories: The Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars in Modern European Culture  (ed. with Alan Forrest and Etienne François, 2012). Currently she is writing a monograph titled Revisiting Prussia’s Wars Against Napoleon: Nation, Political Culture, Memory (Cambridge University Press) and preparing as the general editor the Oxford Handbook on Gender, War and the Western World since 1650 (Oxford University Press).

Dominic Lieven is a Senior Research Fellow at Trinity College, Cambridge (from 2011) and Fellow of the British Academy (from 2001). Born Singapore in 1952, he studied at Christ’s College Cambridge (1970-3), was a Kennedy Scholar Harvard (1974-4), FCO (1974-5), and PhD at SSEES/London (1975-8). Between1978-2011 he was Lecturer (1978) and Professor (1991) at LSE. He currently spends his time between Cambridge, Tokyo, and London.

His main works include Russia and the Origins of the First World War (1983); Russia’s Rulers under the Old Regime (1988); Aristocracy in Europe (1992); Nicholas II: Emperor of all the Russias (1993); Empire: The Russian Empire and its Rivals (2001); The Cambridge History of Russia. Volume 2 (2006 – Editor); Russia against Napoleon. The Struggle for Europe, 1807-1814 (2009).

Margaret MacMillan is the Warden of St Antony’s College and a Professor of International History at the University of Oxford.  Her books include Women of the Raj (1988, 2007); Paris 1919: Six Months that Changed the World (2001); and Nixon in China: Six Days that Changed the World (2007)Her most recent book is The Uses and Abuses of History.  Her next book The War That Ended Peace will be published in October 2014.  She is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature and a Senior Fellow of Massey College, University of Toronto, Honorary Fellow of Trinity College, University of Toronto and of St Hilda’s College, University of Oxford, and sits on the boards of the Mosaic Institute and the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, and the editorial boards of International History and First World War Studies.  She also sits on the Advisory Board Institute for Historical Justice and Reconciliation and is a Trustee of the Rhodes Trust.

She has honorary degrees from the University of King’s College, the Royal Military College, and Ryerson University, Toronto.  In 2006 Professor MacMillan was invested as an Officer of the Order of Canada.

Patrick O’Brien is Professor of Global Economic History at the London School of Economics.  Prior to this he held the post of Centennial Professor of Economic History at LSE, 1999-2009, Professor of Economic History at the University of London, 1990–98, and senior posts in Economic History at Oxford University and London University.  He has served as Director of the IHR, President of the Economic History Society, is a Fellow of the British Academy and Academia Europaea, and has received honorary degrees from Carlos III University Madrid and Uppsala University.  He is currently Principal Investigator for an ERC funded project in global economic history located at the LSE entitled ‘The Discovery, Development and Diffusion of Useful and Reliable Knowledge in the Orient and Occident from the Accession of the Ming to the First Industrial Revolution (URKEW)’.  His books include The Revolution in Egypt’s Economic System, 1966; The New Economic History of the Railways, 1977; (with C. Keyder) Economic Growth in Britain and France 1780–1914, 1978; (ed jtly) Productivity in the Economies of Europe in the 19th and 20th Centuries, 1983; (ed) Railways and the Economic Development of Western Europe 1830–1914, 1983; (ed) International Productivity Comparisons 1750–1939, 1986; The Economic Effects of the Civil War, 1988; (ed jtly) The Industrial Revolution and British Society, 1993; (ed) Industrialization: perspectives on the international economy, 1998; (ed) Philips Atlas of World History, 2000; Imperialism and Industrialization of Britain and Europe, 2000; (ed) Urban Achievement in Early Modern Europe, 2001; (ed) The Political Economy of British Historical Experience, 2002; (ed) Two Hegemonies: Britain 1846–1914 and the United States 1941–2001, 2002.

Douglas Porch earned a Ph.D. from Corpus Christi College, Cambridge University. After studying at the Ecole normale supérieure in Paris, he joined the faculty of the University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, before being named to the Mark Clark Chair of History at The Citadel in Charleston, South Carolina. He is now Professor and former Chair of the Department of National Security Affairs at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California. Professor Porch has served as Professor of Strategy at the Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island, and has also lectured at the United States Marine Corps University at Quantico, Virginia, the U.S. Army War College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, and the NATO Defense College in Rome, Italy. A specialist in military history, Douglas Porch’s books include The French Secret Services. From the Dreyfus Affair to Desert Storm (1995), The French Foreign Legion. A Complete History of the Legendary Fighting Force (1991) which won prizes both in the United States and in France, The Conquest of the Sahara, The Conquest of Morocco, The March to the Marne. The French Army 1871-1914, The Portuguese Armed Forces and the Revolution, and Army and Revolution. France 1815-1844. Wars of Empire, part of the Cassell History of Warfare series, appeared in October 2000 and in paperback in 2001. The Path to Victory. The Mediterranean Theater in World War II, a selection of the Military History Book Club, the History Book Club, and the Book of the Month Club, was published by Farrar, Straus, Giroux in May 2004. It received the Award for Excellence in U.S. Army Historical Writing from The Army Historical Foundation. His latest book, Counterinsurgency. The origins, Development and Myths of the New War of War, published by Cambridge University Press, appeared in July 2013. He advises on security issues all over the world, and has also conducted specialized seminars in Monterey, Camp Lejeune and Fort Bragg for security and intelligence personnel, both American and international. In 2008 he was presented the Navy Superior Civilian Services Award, and in 2011 named Distinguished Professor. He is currently Director of the Joint Foreign Area Officer Program based at the Naval Postgraduate School.

Tamara Scheer is Hertha-Firnberg Fellow at the Ludwig Boltzmann-Institut for Social Science History in Vienna, with a senior post doc project: The Language Question in Habsburg Army (1868-1914): The Hope for Unification and the Fear of Disintegration.  Prior to this she was postdoctoral fellow at the Andrássy University in Budapest, 2010-2012, and she has been a lecturer at the University of Vienna since 2009.

Her current research focuses on the language and national question and multilingualism in the Habsburg Empire as well as interactions with Southeasteurope, occupation and state of emergency during World War One.  Recent publications: “Minimale Kosten, absolut kein Blut!”: Österreich-Ungarns Präsenz im Sandžak von Novipazar (1879-1908) (=Neue Forschungen zur ostmittel- und südosteuropäischen Geschichte 5, Frankfurt et al. 2013); Die Ringstraßenfront – Österreich-Ungarn, das Kriegsüberwachungsamt und der Ausnahmezustand während des Ersten Weltkriegs (=Schriftenreihe des Heeresgeschichtlichen Museums 15, Wien 2010); Zwischen Front und Heimat: Österreich-Ungarns Militärverwaltungen im Ersten Weltkrieg (=Neue Forschungen zur ostmittel- und südosteuropäischen Geschichte 2, Frankfurt et al. 2009).

Naoko Shimazu is Professor of History in the Department of History, Classics and Archaeology, Birkbeck College, University of London. Her major publications include Imagining Japan in Post-war East Asia (co-editor, Routledge, forthcoming 2013), Japanese Society at War: Death, Memory and the Russo-Japanese War (Cambridge University Press, 2009), Nationalisms in Japan (editor, Routledge, 2006), Japan, Race and Equality: Racial Equality Proposal of 1919 (Routledge, 1998), as well as scholarly articles in Modern Asian Studies, Political Geography, Russian Review, Journal of Contemporary History, War and Society. She is a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society, Associate of MEARC at Leiden University, Associate of the Pears Institute of Antisemitism (Birkbeck), and a former Japan Foundation Fellow. She serves on the editorial boards of Japan Forum, Reviews in History, and Modern Asian Studies. Her current major project is a monograph, Diplomacy as Theatre: Asian and African Performances at the Bandung Conference of 1955.

Georges-Henri Soutou is Professor Emeritus at Paris-Sorbonne (Paris IV) University and member of the Institut de France.  He is the chairman of the ISC-CFHM (Institut de Stratégie et des Conflits – Commission Française d’Histoire Militaire) and in charge of the Strategy Course of the French Ecole de Guerre.  He belongs to the Diplomatic Archives Commission of the French Foreign Ministry. He is a member of the editorial board of several Journals, including Relations internationales and Revue historique des Armées; he is co-editor of the Revue d’histoire diplomatique.

He works on International History during the XXth century, particularly about the First World War, Franco-German relations and East-West relations after 1945. He published, besides numerous articles, L’Or et le Sang. Les buts de guerre économiques de la Première guerre mondiale, Fayard, 1989; L’Alliance incertaine. Les rapports politico-stratégiques franco-allemands, 1954-1996, Fayard, 1996; La Guerre de Cinquante Ans. Les relations Est-Ouest 1943-1990, Paris, Fayard, 2001; L’Europe de 1815 à nos jours, Paris, PUF, 2007. 

Hans van de Ven